How to Patent a Product in 7 Steps

Patenting a product is a crucial step for inventors and entrepreneurs looking to protect their innovative ideas and gain a competitive edge in the market. Securing a patent not only safeguards your intellectual property but also provides exclusive rights to manufacture, use, and sell your invention. 

However, the provisional patent process can be complex and daunting. We put together this blog post to help with that.

How to Patent a Product 

Below is a summary of the steps on how to get a patent for a product:

Step 1: Conduct a Thorough Patent Search 

Before filing a patent application, it’s essential to conduct a comprehensive search to ensure your invention is unique and not already patented. This step involves exploring various patent databases, conducting internet searches, and consulting with a patent attorney or a professional patent search firm. 

By conducting a thorough search, you can avoid wasting time and resources on an invention that might already exist.

Step 2: Document Your Invention 

Once you have established that your invention is novel, it’s crucial to document it thoroughly. Create detailed drawings, diagrams, and written descriptions that clearly illustrate the design, functionality, and unique features of your product.

This documentation will serve as crucial evidence during the patent application process and help patent examiners understand your invention accurately.

Step 3: Determine the Type of Patent 

There are different types of patents, including utility patents, design patents, and plant patents. Determine which type of patent is most appropriate for your invention. 

Utility patents protect new processes, machines, compositions of matter, or improvements thereof, while design patents safeguard unique ornamental designs. Plant patents, on the other hand, protect new varieties of plants that have been asexually reproduced.

Step 4: Get Legal Assistance 

Navigating the patent application process can be complex, and seeking professional guidance from a patent attorney is highly recommended. Patent legal assistants specialize in intellectual property law and can provide invaluable assistance in drafting your patent application, ensuring it meets the required legal standards, and representing you before the patent office.

Step 5: Prepare and File a Patent Application 

Enlist the assistance of a legal services company or a patent attorney to create a comprehensive patent application for your invention. This application should entail a thorough description of your invention, well-defined claims that outline the scope of its uniqueness, and any required drawings or diagrams.

If you desire to secure a patent while maintaining the flexibility to make further adjustments, it may be beneficial to submit a provisional patent application. By filing a provisional application, you establish evidence that you are the inventor, starting from the date of filing the patent.

The application must comply with the specific formatting and submission requirements of the patent office. Your attorney will guide you through the entire process and apply on your behalf.

Step 6: Respond to Office Actions 

After submitting your patent application, the patent office may issue an office action, which includes any rejections, objections, or requests for additional information. It is crucial to carefully review these office actions and respond to them within the specified timeframe. 

Step 7: Maintain and Enforce 

Once your patent is granted, it is your responsibility to maintain it by paying the necessary maintenance fees and keeping it in force for the specified period. Additionally, you must actively monitor the market for any potential infringement of your patent rights. 

If you believe someone is using your patented invention without permission, consult with your attorney to take appropriate legal action to enforce your patent rights.

How to Get Legal Assistance

Obtaining legal assistance can be accomplished through several methods depending on your specific needs and requirements. Here are some common ways to get legal help:

Online Legal Services: Consider using online legal services like LegalZoom that offer self-help resources or access to pre-screened lawyers for specific legal matters. 

Lawyer Referrals: Reach out to friends, family, or colleagues who have used legal services before and ask for recommendations. They may be able to refer you to an attorney they had a positive experience with.

Online Directories: Utilize online directories or legal service websites that allow you to search for lawyers based on practice area and location.

Bar Associations: Contact your local or state bar association for lawyer referrals. They often have referral services that can connect you with qualified attorneys.

Legal Aid Organizations: If you have limited financial resources, check if there are any legal aid organizations in your area that provide free or low-cost legal services to those in need.

Consultation Meetings: Schedule consultation meetings with potential attorneys to discuss your case and see if they are a good fit for your needs.

Lawyer Networks: Some legal networks or platforms connect clients with attorneys who specialize in specific areas of law.

Community Resources: Check if there are any community organizations or legal clinics that provide pro bono legal assistance or workshops.

Company Legal Services: For business-related matters, consult your company’s legal department or consider hiring corporate legal services.

Remember to thoroughly research and verify the credentials and experience of any legal professional you intend to work with. The right legal assistance can make a significant difference in effectively addressing your legal needs.

Best Online Legal Services Companies

Online legal services have revolutionized the way individuals and businesses access legal assistance. These platforms provide a range of legal solutions, from document preparation to consultations, making legal services more accessible, efficient, and affordable. 


LegalZoom is a well-established and reputable online legal services company that offers a wide range of legal solutions for individuals and businesses. Their services include business formation, estate planning, trademark registration, and contract preparation. 

LegalZoom provides user-friendly tools and resources to guide you through the process, along with access to a network of attorneys for consultations and document review.


  • Comprehensive legal services for various needs
  • User-friendly tools and resources
  • Access to attorneys for consultations and document review


  • Extensive range of legal services
  • User-friendly platform
  • Access to a network of attorneys


  • Pricing can vary depending on the service

Rocket Lawyer

Rocket Lawyer is a legal services platform that provides a wide range of legal documents, contracts, and legal advice. Their user-friendly interface allows individuals and businesses to create personalized legal documents, such as contracts, leases, and wills. Rocket Lawyer also offers access to on-call attorneys for legal advice and consultations.


  • User-friendly document creation tools
  • Extensive library of legal documents
  • Access to on-call attorneys for legal advice


  • Easy-to-use document creation tools
  • Extensive library of legal documents
  • Access to on-call attorneys


  • Some specialized legal services may require additional fees
  • Limited customization options for certain document templates


Avvo is an online legal services platform that focuses on connecting individuals with experienced attorneys in various legal fields. Users can search for attorneys based on their practice area and location, read client reviews, and schedule consultations. Avvo provides a platform for individuals to ask legal questions and receive answers from attorneys for general guidance.


  • Search for attorneys based on practice area and location
  • Client reviews and ratings for attorney selection


  • Easy access to a wide network of attorneys
  • Client reviews and ratings for informed decisions


  • Pricing varies based on attorney rates
  • Limited to connecting individuals with attorneys rather than providing direct legal document services

Why Is it Important to Get A Patent 

Getting a patent is important for several reasons:

Protection of Intellectual Property: A patent provides legal protection for your invention or innovation, granting you exclusive rights to prevent others from making, using, selling, or importing your invention without your permission. It helps safeguard your intellectual property and prevents others from stealing or copying your idea.

Market Advantage: Having a patent can give you a competitive edge in the market. It allows you to differentiate your product or technology from competitors and establish a unique selling proposition. This can attract investors, partners, and customers who value innovative and protected ideas.

Commercialization and Monetization: A patent provides a valuable asset that can be leveraged for commercial purposes. It gives you the right to license or sell your invention to others, generating revenue through licensing fees or royalties. Patents can also enhance the value of your business if you decide to seek investment or sell your company.

Legal Protection and Enforcement: A patent provides a legal basis for taking action against those who infringe on your rights. If someone uses your patented invention without permission, you can pursue legal remedies, such as seeking damages or injunctions, to enforce your rights and protect your invention.

Public Disclosure: In exchange for the exclusive rights granted by a patent, inventors are required to disclose their inventions to the public. This promotes the dissemination of knowledge and allows others to build upon existing inventions, fostering further innovation and technological advancement.

Frequently Asked Question

Here are some commonly asked questions and their corresponding answers to assist you in comprehending the intricacies of patent law and the patent application process:

1. What does “Patent Pending” mean? 

“Patent Pending” is a term used to inform the public that a patent application has been filed with the appropriate patent office but is still under review. It indicates that the inventor is seeking legal protection for their invention.

2. What is the difference between a patent pending and an actual patent?

A patent pending refers to the stage during which a patent application is under review by the patent office. An actual patent, on the other hand, is granted by the patent office after the application has successfully gone through the examination process and meets all the requirements for patentability.

3. What is a utility patent?

A utility patent is the most common type of patent granted by the patent office. It protects new and useful processes, machines, compositions of matter, or improvements thereof. Utility patents provide exclusive rights to the inventor, allowing them to prevent others from making, using, or selling the patented invention without permission.

4. How long does patent protection last?

The duration of patent protection depends on the type of patent granted. Utility patents typically last for 20 years from the filing date, while design patents last for 15 years. It’s important to note that the maintenance fees must be paid to keep the patent in force during this period.

5. What is a design patent?

A design patent protects the ornamental or aesthetic aspects of an invention. It covers the unique visual appearance of a product, such as its shape, pattern, or surface ornamentation. Design patents do not protect the functional aspects of an invention, but rather focus on its visual characteristics.

6. How does patent protection benefit inventors?

Patent protection provides inventors with exclusive rights to their inventions, allowing them to prevent others from making, using, selling, or importing their patented products or processes without permission. It offers a legal framework to safeguard intellectual property, encourages innovation, and provides opportunities for commercialization, licensing, and financial rewards.

Josh Fechter
Josh is the founder of The Product Company.